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Himachal Information


HIMACHAL THE LAND OF GODS

Himachal Pradesh, spread over 55,673 sq.km. is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on north, Punjab on west and south-west, Haryana on south Uttaranchal on south -east and by Tibet on the east. It is a mountainous region, known for the natural beauty of its forests, rivers, valleys, hills and dales and is rich in natural resources. 


Old Hen/Rabbit Cottage in a Village


Some important information:

Barog Travel Information
On the Kalka-Shimla highway, Barog (1680m) has grown from a mere stop over to a full-fledged destination. Surrounded by pine and oak forests, Barog has a commanding setting. The Choor Chandni - which poetically translates as the mountain of the silver bangle is clearly visible from Barog - and when moonlight washes down its snow covered slopes, it seems as through thousands of icy, silver bangles are sliding down in the night.

Places of Interest in and Around Barog

Railway Station (3km) :
One of the most attractive station in the Scottish style on the Kalka-Shimla ral route.

Dagashai (7 km) :
A one time British contonenment. This is small town surrounded by pine trees. It has an old Church.

Solan (8 km) :
Located on the National High way-22 Solan derived its name from "Shoolini Devi" a local deity whose temple is situated in Solan Graon which is in existence since ancient time. Solan also remained capital of earstwhile Bhagat State for many years.

A famous 'Shoolini fair' is commemorated every year on State level in 2nd week of 'Asads' (June) at famous Thoda Ground. The town has various cultural and recreational centres besides temples and churches. There are beautiful Parks such as Children Park, Mohan park and Jawahar Park which have adequate arrangements for comfortable sitting and strolling. A mini zoo in the Park adds to the facination to the environment. Durga Club, Central State Library, Lower and Upper Bazar and Mall road are worth visiting. Ancient Durga Temple, Sanatan Dharm Mandir, Hari and Narsingh Mandir are also quite famous.

Solan Brewary (11km) :
This is in existence since 1855 AD. Formerly Dyer Meaking Breway is not only known in the country but also in foreign countries for its products.

Jatoli (15 km) :
7 km from Solan this small but beautiful village on Solan-Rajgarh road is famous for Vishal Shiva Temple.

Dolanji Bon Monastery :
(18km)On Solan-Rajgarh road there is a small village known Ochhaghat. 5 km from here on Narag-Sarahan road, located a famous Bon monastery known 'Yungdrung Bon Monastery' being run by Yungdrung Bon Monastic Centre. This was founded in 1969 by the Abbot Lungtog Tenpai Nyima. After 14 years of hard work, he has managed to create a totally self-sufficient monastery up to now with 120 monks, developing it into a thriving, active centre of all branches of Tibetan traditional learning. On the eve of New year and on other occassions three sacred Bon dances (Cham) are performed here which are of a high attractions.

Karol Goofa (17km) :
On the Karol Tibba (2135m) & 8 km. From Solan town is an ancient Sidh Baba Goofa which is considered to be one of the longest Goofa in Himalaya region. It starts from Karol and ends somewhere at Pinjore. Besides. Goddess Kali and Lord Hanumanji temples. Thakur Mandir on the top of the hill are some the great attractions for the pilgrims and visitors. The trek upto Karol is steep but quite enjoyable from Dedhgharat (23km from Solan). This place is very popular amongst the trekkers and adventurous picnickers.

Horticulture and Forestry University (16 km) :
In the surroundings on Rajgarh Road the University is unique centre of higher studies and research in horticulture and foresty. Also the entire campus is worthseein.

Gaura :
Located alongside the Solan-Rajgarh road, this place is famous for Mahasher fishing in Giri river. One can also visit Subathu (30 km), Renukaji (98 km) and Shimla (57 km) from this place also.

Kiarighat (34 km) :
A one time dak bungalow and staying post. Now run as an economy hotel with a café by Himachal Tourism.

Rajgarh (53 km) :
A picturesque area with numerous orchards and picnic spots like Habban and Nacchana.

Bhrigu:
Location :

At an altitude of 4235 metres in district Kullu, this lies east of the Rohtang Pass and is about 6 k.m. from the village of Gulaba.

The shores of this clear water lake are devoid of human habitation-yet it is visited regularly by the people of the area and is held sacred to 'rishi' Brighu. It also lies on several trek routes of the region.

Himachal Pradesh Buddhist pilgrimage :The remote valleys of Lahaul, Spiti and Kinnaur have strong Buddhist traditions. Splendid gompas, Buddhist monasteries, built along bare mountain-sides seem to be a part of the rugged terrain. These are the repositories of a wealth of Buddhist art and culture. The dim, cool interiors of ancient monasteries glow with the brilliance of painted murals, stuccos and elaborate thangkas framed with rich borders of silk.

In Dharamsala, where the Dalai Lama has settled in exile, is a marvelous Tibetan township where an entire cultural tradition is being nurtured. It is a centre that attracts scholars, pilgrims and tourists.

Rewalsar :
Perhaps the most sacred spot for Buddhists in Himachal Pradesh, Rewalsar is 20 km south west of Mandi. According to legend, Guru Padmasambhava departed for Tibet from this beautiful spot, to spread the 'dharma'. A pagoda-style monastery stands along the edge of the lake.

Guru Ghantal Monastery (3020 m) :
This is on the right bank of Chandra river about 4 kms. above Tandi and is believed to be the oldest Gompa of Lahaul having wooden structure with pyramidal roofs, wood carving, preserving the idols of Padmasambhava & Brajeshwari Devi. On the full moon night in mid-June a festival called "GHANTAL" is celebrated by Lamas & Thakurs together

Kardang Monastery (3500 m) :
It is about 5 kms. from Keylong across Bhaga river. It is believed to be built in 12th century. Monastery has a large library of Kangyur and Tangyur volumes of Budhist scriptures in Bhoti. Kardang village was once the capital of Lahaul.

Shashur Monastery :
Situated on a hill about 3 kms from Keylong (Lahaul & Spiti) towards north on the same slope. During June/ July this monastery attracts a large number of visitors when Lamas perform the devil dance. It was founded in the 17th century a.d. It belongs to red hat sec and is located among the blue pines. The paintings represent the history of 84 Buddhas.

Tayul Gompa (3900 m) :
Tayul Gompa is 6 kms. from Keylong (Lahaul & Spiti) and is one of the oldest monasteries of the valley having a huge statue of Guru Padmasamhava about 5m high and houses library of Kangyur having 101 volumes. In Tibetan language Ta-Yul means the chosen place. There is an interesting story behind this.

Kye Monastery :
It is situated 12 kms. north of Kaza (Lahaul & Spiti) and serves the western population of Spiti. It is the oldest and biggest monastery of the valley and located at (4116 m) above Kye village. It houses beautiful scriptures and paintings of Buddha and other goddesses. Lamas practice dance, sing and play on pipes and horns. Relegious training to Lama's is imparted here. It has murals and books of high value.

Thang Yug Gompa :
It is located 13 kms. above Kaza (Lahaul & Spiti) serving western part of central Spiti. Situated in a secluded place in the narrow gauge of Kaza Nallah, it generally has a Lama from Tibet. Above this there is a long plateau which leads to Shilla peak.

Kungri Gompa :
It is situated in the Pin valley about 10 kms. from Attargo where Spiti river has to be crossed to enter Pin valley. It is serves the population of Pin valley.

Dhankar Monastery :
It is situated about 25 kms. east of Kaza and serves eastern part of central Spiti. Dhankar is a big village and erstwhile capital of Spiti King. On top of a hill there is a fort which use to be a prison in olden times. The Monastery has about 100 Lamas and is in position of Buddhist scriptures in Bhoti language. Principal figure is a Statue of "Vairochana" (Dhayan Budha) consisting of 4 complete figures seated back to back. It has relics in the shape of paintings and sculptures.

Tabo Monastery :
This is another large gompa serving the population of eastern side. It has its origin in the tenth century old and is located 50 kms. from Kaza (Lahaul & Spiti). In fame it is next to Tholing Gompa in Tibet. It has about 60 Lamas and houses a large collection of Scriptures, wall paintings etc. Murals of this gompa have similarity to that of the Ajanta paintings.

Nako :
The legendary footprints of the Guru Padamsambhava are enshrined at the Lotsabaage Monastery at Nako. This high altitude village in Kinnaur is located near a limpid lake.

Tashigang Gompa :
Can be visited by taking diversion from Khab to Namgya and then trekking to the Gompa.

Tilasangh Monastery :
1 km. trek from Ka, it is 12 km. short of Yangthang.
Chail Travel Information
Nestling in the shelter of virgin forests, which cover many, unsaddle hills, Chail is a tiny resort in the Shivalik region of Himachal Pradesh, Chail has interesting history. Originally, it was a part of Keonthal State. Then it came under the sway of the Gorkha warrior Amar Singh. Finally it became a royal resort and summer seat of Maharaja of Patiala. The story behind the rise of Chail as the summer seat of Patiala state is quite interesting.

The year was 1891. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala incurred the wrath of the Commander-in-Chief, Lord Kitchener, who banned his entry into the British summer capital of Shimla. Enraged, the Maharja resolved to build himself a new summer capital better than Shimla. The British Government had already gifted him Chail.

The present Chail is spread over an area of 72 acres on three adjacent hills-the Rajgarh Hill where the Palace is built, the Pandava Hill where the old Residency 'Snow View' is located and where the British Resident lived, and finally the Siddh Tibba, where the temple of Baba Sidhnath is located at a height of 2226 ft.

How to Get There :

Chail is connected by road, From Shimla via Kufri the distance is 45 km and via Kandaghat this is 61 km. Kalka is 86 km away. Regular buses for Chail leave from Shimla, Chandigarh and Delhi. The closest airports are at Chandigarh (120km) and Shimla (63km). HPTDC also organises sight-seeing tours from marketing office Shimla to Chail.

Climate

In winter the temperature can drop below freezing point when heavy woollens are required. In summer the climate is mild and light woolens/cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and around Chail

Sldh Bdbo KG AAondir (1.5 km) : Maharaja Bhupinder Singh orginally began building his Palace at this site. It is said that a "Sidh" saintly person appeared before the Maharaja in a dream and declared that this was the place where he had meditated, Bhupinder Singh shifted his Palace and also had this temple built.

Cricket Ground (3 km) :
Built in 1 893, after leveling the top of hill, this stands at 2444m and is the highest cricket pitch and polo ground in the world.

Wildlife (3km):
The Chail Sanctuary has "Choral", "Kakkar, "Sambhar" red jungle fowl and "Khalij" and "Cheer" pheasants. Machan-like sighting posts have been built near blossom and at Khariun.

Sadhupul
(1 360 m) : Halfway between Kandaghat (12 km) and Chail is this village and bridge astride the Ashwani stream. A good picnic spot.
Chamba Travel Information
Chamba town (996m) stands on the right bank of the river Ravi. As a former princely State, it is one of the oldest in the country and dates back to the sixth century. It is well known for its splendid architecture and as the base for numerous excursions. It is also a district headquarters.

How to Get There

Chamba is connected by road and is 580 km from Delhi. It is 24 km from Khajjiar and from Dalhousie via Khajjar, the distance is 56 km.The closest railhead is at Pathankot, 118 km away. The airport at Gaggal in Kangra is at a distance of 170km. Taxis/buses are available from these places.

Climate

In Winter, the temperature gets very low because of cold winds, when heavy wollens are required. It is hot in summer-upto 380C and cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Chamba

Laxmi Narayan Temple Complex :
With six main Shikhara style temples and several smaller shrines, this is renowned for its finely executed classical forms.

Hari Rai Temple:
This is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and dates back to the 11th Century.

Other Temples :
The profusion of temples in Chamba and their craftsmanship is remarkable. Some important shrines are Champavati, Vajreshwari, Sui Mata and Chamuna Devi.

The Chowgan:
Chamba's wide concourse is the hub of much of the towns activity and also serves as its promenade.

Rangmahal :
This old palace is an interesting mix of colonial and Saracenic architectural styles.

Akhand Chandi Palace :
Now a college, this imposing building once housed Chamba's ruling family. Much of the original craftsmanship can still be seen.

Bhuri Singh Museum :
Named after Raja Bhuri Singh of Chamba, this is a treasure house of Chamba's rich past. The exhibits include copper plates, murals, doorways, costumes, paintings and stone carvings.


St. Andrew's Church :
Over a century old, this is a charming dressed stone structure with lancet windows.

Bharmour (65km) :
Its 84 ancient temples at a height of 2141m are well known. It is also the summer home of the nomadic Gaddi people.

Manimahesh (93km):
This sacred lake (4183m) is associated with Lord Shiva and is the site of an annual pilgrimage.

Chatrari (45 km) :
An attractive temple to Shakti Devi is located here

Chandertal Lake
Location :
At an altitude of 4300 metres and 6 k.m. from the Kunzum Pass in Lahaul & Spiti district that connects Spiti and Lahaul areas.Surrounded by snows and acres of scree, this deep blue-water lake has a circumference of 2.5 k.m. This is the source of the river Chandra. According to some believers, this is the spot from where the god Indra's chariot took the eldest Pandava brother, Yudhishtra to 'swarga' (heaven) in his mortal form.
It is 6 kms from the Kunzam Pass that connects Spiti and Lahaul. Surrounded by snows and acres of scree, this deep blue-water lake has a circumference of 2.5 kms. This is the source of the river Chandra. According to some believers, this is the spot from where the god Indra's chariot took the eldest Pandava brother, Yudhishtra to swarga, heaven in his mortal form.

Chandra-Bhaga Valley
The rivers Chandra and Bhaga merge at Tandi to form the Chandra-Bhaga or Chenab River. Thereafter this river flows through an open valley to Thirot from where it enters Chamba District. In Lahaul, this valley is known as the Pattan Valley.
Great Mountain Mass
Ice and snow are important factors in the region. The great mountain mass occupies a position between the Chandra and Bhaga valleys. It extends as an offshoot of the main Himalaya with peaks soaring to over 6,400 m. The Baralacha Pass is also a part of this great mountain mass.
Standing like a huge fort, this mountain mass contains high peaks, valleys, snow-fed streams, glaciers and ice fields. Three important rivers -- Chandra, Bhaga and Yunam -- rise from near the Baralacha Pass.This landmass is sparsely populated. Settlements are few, though graziers often ascend to the high alpine pastures in summer with their animals.
Lingti Plains
This is a desolate and barren tract located to the north of the Baralacha Pass. It covers an area of 260 square kilometers and average elevation is more than 4,400 m. The small rivers Lingti and Yunam flow through these plains before entering the Zanskar region of Ladakh.
The Lingti plains are largely uncultivated and uninhabited. In summer, a good growth of grass covers the slopes, which are grazed by the stock of migratory graziers.
Dal Lake:
Location : At an altitude of 1775 metres in district Kangra 11 k.m. from Dharamshala, surrounded by deodar trees, this is on the motor road to Talnu. Held sacred, this has a small shiva temple on its banks. The banks of the lake are enlivened during September by a fair attended-amongst other-by a large number of Gaddi folk.

Dalhousie








Location :
92-km From Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh
Discovered In:
1854.
Main Attractions :
Lord James Ramsay, Marquis Of Dalhousie, Khajjiar.
Best Time To Visit :
Mid-May to Mid-October







Dalhousie is a quiet town, with a sense of enchantment. This hill station spreads over five low-level hills at the western edge of the Dhauladhar range, just east of the Ravi River. The picturesque town is interspersed with the colonial-era buildings, low roofed stalls and hotels. The pine-covered slopes around it are intersected with paths and treks, which are ideal for short undemanding walks.

The gateway to the Chamba Valley, this colonial town was established in 1854 by the British governor-general Lord Dalhousie. Covering an area of 14 sq.-km and surrounded by alpine vegetation, Dalhausie has charming architecture and panoramic views of both plains and the whitecapped views of the mountainous ranges.

Places of Interest in Dalhousie
Subhash Baoli:
Commanding a view of the snowcapped mountains, 1.6-km away from the G.P.O. Square, the spring of Subhash Baoli is situated at an altitude of 2,085m.

Satdhara:
On the way to Panjpulla, at an altitude of 2,036m, these seven springs are reputed to have great therapeutic value as they contain mica with medicinal properties.

Kalatope:
5-kms from Dalhousie, Kalatope is a pleasant getaway, with a panoramic view, an enchanting palace, and a forest rest house. Kalatope is situated 10-kms away from G.P.O. Square at an altitude of 8,000-ft. Walking along the secluded and forested road through upper Nakorota hills, one reaches Lakkarmandi. The home of Dogri families, Lakkarmandi is nestled between 8,600 feet high Dayan Kund peak on its right and Kalatope on the left. The little Kalatope Sanctuary has a variety of wildlife such as Ibex, Deer, Bears and Leopards.
Khajjiar:
Just 27-km from Dhoudar the beautiful little plain of Khajjiar is one of the favourite retreats for visitors. The saucer-shaped meadow, ringed by pines, has a lake set in the middle, complete with a floating bland. A little golden-spired temple of Khajjinag belonging to the 12th century and a picturesque golf course complete this pretty picture. A picturesque spot with an emerald, saucer shaped meadow set amidst a dense deodar forest, it has a lake as it's centre with a floating island, a forest rest house, a little temple with a golden spire and a golf course.

How To Get There
Air:
The nearest airport is at Gaggal, Kangra, 140-km from Dalhousie.

Rail:
The nearest airport is at Gaggal, Kangra, 140-km from Dalhousie.

Road:
Onward journey from Pathankot to Chamba and Dalhausie is by road. Punjab and Himachal Roadways run services, as do private operators.

DISTANCE FROM MAJOR CITIES
» Chamba: 29-km
» Kangra: 83-km
» Dharamshala: 92-km
» Shimla: 254-km
» Kullu: 275-km
Dashir Lake:
At an altitude of 4270 metres near the Rohtang pass that connects district Kullu andLahaul.

Also known as Dashaur and Sarkund this attractive lake has a depth of 3 metres.
Dharamshala
 Travel to Dharamsala city in India Himalayas which is full of amazing sights, blessed with all the natural bounties, surrounded by towering peaks, trekking and hiking trails, a popular honeymoon destination and known for its immense natural beauty all over the world.
Location :
185-km From Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Established Between:
1852
Main Attractions :
Kangra Art Museum, St. John's Church, McLeodganj
Best Time To Visit :
Mid-May to Mid-October
Dharamsala over looks the plains and is surrounded by dense pine trees and Deodar forests. A nearby snowline with numerous streams and cool healthy atmosphere makes the surroundings very attractive. A busy bazaar town, Dharamsala has established itself as the travellers base camp, who come to explore the nearby mountains. The Kotwali Bazaar provides the entire colour and characteristic of a small town, which is mixed with the simple life style. The colourful temple and Gompas, which reflect the culture of Tibet, adds attraction for the visitor. The Kangra museum gives an overview of the rich past of the region and on the other hand there are institutes that have been established to preserve the Tibetan art, cultures and traditions.

Today, Dharamsala has become the synonymous to the Tibetan government in exile and the home of Tibetan leader Dalai Lama. Even if the Tibetan community dominates the town, still it has retained the colonial lifestyle and British fervour.

Places of Interest in Dharamsala
Kangra Art Museum:
This treasure trove of the Kangra valley's arts, crafts, and rich past, displays artifacts that date back to the 5th century. The museum also includes a gallery of Kangra's famous miniature paintings and a representative collection of sculptures, pottery, and anthropological items.

War Memorial:
Set amidst the pine groves is a war memorial, built on the entry point of the to Dharamsala to commemorate the post independence war heroes of Himachal Pradesh. A web of narrow paths and landscaped lawns lead towards this monument.

St. John's Church:
One of the most poignant memories of the British Raj is the church of St. John, situated in the wilderness. This charmingly dressed stone church is located just 8-kms from Dharamsala on the way to McLeod Ganj. Under the shade of Doedar branches, a memorial has been made over the body of the British Viceroy, Lord Elgin who died at Dharamsala in 1863.

Norbulinka Institute:
Just 4-kms from Dharamsala, Norbulinka was established to preserve and teach the ancient Tibetan arts. The shady paths, wooden bridges, small streams tiny water falls make this place look like heaven. Here one can watch the wooden carvings and the tangka paintings, golsithing and embroidery being done. The nunnery close to the institute is a place where women are taught the advanced levels of Buddhist philosophy.

Nearby Attractions from Dharamsala
Macleodganj:
Originally home of the semi-nomadic Gaddi tribe, McLeodganj is today the residence of His Holiness, the Dalai Lama. This mid 19th century place was developed as a British Garrison. The place was developed as an important administrative point for the whole Kangra valley. Today the place has developed as headquarters of the exiled Tibetan Government. The impressive monastery has larger than life size images of Buddha, Padmasambhava and Avaloketeshwara.

Kareri:
Set amidst a sylvan surrounding is a rest house, located in the cool depths of the pine grove. Surrounded by green open meadows and forests of tall oak & pine at a height of 3250m is situated the picturesque Kareri Lake, which is just 13-km from the rest house and 22- kms from Dharamsala.

Masrur:
Fifteen richly carved monolithic rock temples sculpted in the splendid style of the Kailash temple at Ellora and dating back to the 8th century are to be found at Masrur, just 15-kms south of Kangra. Images of Lord Ram, Goddess Sita and Lakhsman can be found in the sanctum of the main temple.

Triund:
Triund is a popular picnic spot at an height of 2827 m. The area is on the foothills of Dhauladhar range and is 17-kms from Dharamsala. The snow line starts at Ilaqua, which is five kms from Triund. The breathtaking views of the mountains and the valleys make Triund an ideal picnic spot and trekking spot.
Adventure Sports in Dharamsala
Trekking & Rock Climbing:
Dharamsala is one of the most popular starting points for treks and Rock climbing over the ridges of the Dhauladhar range. There are tailor-made treks in the Kangra valley around Dharamsala and adjoining places. The trekking season starts from May and goes on to October. The most frequented route from Dharamsala to the Chamba valley, over the Indradhar Pass (4,350m), is arduous trek but the most novice trekkers can manage to complete it within five days.

There are many easy walks of small treks around Mcleodganj and Dharamsala such as Toral Pass (4,575m) that start from Tang Narwana (1,150m), which is 10-km from Dharamsala. A 2-km stroll takes one to Bhagsu, then a little further a 3-km walk will bring the trekkers to Dharamkot. If one wishes to go on a longer walk then he can walk 8-km to Triund. The snow line of Ilaqa Got is just a 5-km walk.

There are many easy walks of small treks around Mcleodganj and Dharamsala such as Toral Pass (4,575m) that start from Tang Narwana (1,150m), which is 10-km from Dharamsala. A 2-km stroll takes one to Bhagsu, then a little further a 3-km walk will bring the trekkers to Dharamkot. If one wishes to go on a longer walk then he can walk 8-km to Triund. The snow line of Ilaqa Got is just a 5-km walk.
Angling & Fishing:
The area around Dharamshala is rich in small rivers and streams, which give ample opportunity for angle fishing. The 20-km stretch of the river Beas between Nadaun and the Pong Dam offers ample of opportunities in angling for Mahaseer.

How To Get There
Air:
Dharamshala can be approached by air from Delhi and the nearest Airport is at Gaggla, just 13-km away from the town.
Rail:
Pathankot is 85-km and is the nearest railhead for Dharamshala. Trains from all over the country make a stop over at Pathankot and from here it is a three-hour journey to Dharamsala.
Road:
From Manali too bus services are available to this place. One can drive from Delhi via Chandigarh, Kiratpur, Bilaspur and it's an 8-hours journey. From Delhi and Shimla, luxury buses ply to Dharamshala.

DISTANCE FROM MAJOR CITIES
» Dalhousie: 92-km
» Mandi: 115-km
» Kullu: 183-km
» Shimla; 185-km
» Manali: 223-km
» Chandigarh: 225-km

Fagu

Situated at a height of 2450m on Hindustan Tibat road. Fagu is 22 km from Shimla. The place affords an extensive view of the two valleys opposite. Its silent, serene, splendour induces, visitors to relax in the warmth of Nature.
Pabbar Valley :
If you look for a road less traveled, if you want experience and indefinable blend of myth and reality, fact and fiction, if ancient a towering temple, legends, Charming as architecture and soaring mountains excite you. if fishing and trekking set your pulse racing, if you plan your vacation in the serenity picturesque hamlets, fruit-laden orchards, cradled by thick words and set by swift Streams, and if you wish to experience a place where man and nature live as one Then experience the bewitching spell of Pabber Valley.

Govind Sagar:
This vast reservoir lies in the district of Bilaspur and Una.The town of Bilaspur is 83 k.m. from the railway station at Anandpur Sahib.The Gobind Sagar on river Sutlej, has been created by the huge hydel dam at Bhakra and is named in honour of Gobind Singh the Tenth Sikh guru. One of the world's highest gravity dams, the Bhakra rises 225.5 m above its lowest foundations.Under the supervision of the famous American dam-builder, Harvey Slocum, work began in 1955 and was completed in 1962. Incidentally, Slocum had no formal training as an engineer, but his conceptions and designs have proven successful. To maintain the level of water, the flow of river.Beas was also channeled to Gobind Sagar by the Beas-Sutlej link which was completed in 1976. Today, this dam feeds electricity and water to a large area the Gobind Sagar reservoir is 90 k.m. long and encompasses an area of approximately 170 sqkm.There are provisions for water sports speed boats and ferry rides.

Hatkoti

The beautiful Pabbar Valley opens up at Hatkoti (1400m), the confluence point of Bishkulti with Pabbar, on the Shimla-Rohru road. Hatkoti is a famous temple-village surrounded by paddy fields. It attracts large number of pilgrims and visitors through out the year.

How to Get There

104 km from Shimla. The route branches off the National Highway-22 from Theog (32km from Shimla) passing through Chhaila, Kotkhai, Kharapathar, Jubbal and then reaches Hatkoti. It is connected by regular Bus/Taxi services. Nearest Railway station and airport are at Shimla, (105 km and 126 km) respectively Hatkoti can also be reached from Dehradun via Chakrota, Tuini and Arakot. Also from Rampur via Sungri-Rohru (103 km).

Climate

In winter the temperature hover around freezing point when heavy woollens recommended. During summer it remains sunny and cozy, even in the winter mon too during day time.
Places of Interest in and around Hatkoti

Hateshwari Temple Complex (1400 m) :
The classical Shikhra style temple is dedicated to goddess Mahishasurmardni (locally called Hateshwari). This is dated to 7th-8th century and in 1 885 was given a pagoda roof. The central image is exquisitely molded in brass. The adjoining Shiva temple is of the latika type and has same remarkable wood carvings. It is belived that during Mahabharta epic Pandvas are regarded to have lived here for a while.

Jubbal (1892 m) :
90 km from Shimla and 20 km from Hatkoti. Once held the ruling seat of the princely State, Jubbal has superbly maintained Palace which was designed by a french architect in the 1930 and is remarkable mix of european and indigenous styles. This Place is also famous for delicious apples orchards.

Kharapathar (2673m) :
85 km from Shimla and 29 km from Hatkoti. Motorable on Shimia Rohru road. A famous religious shrine Giriganga is 7 km on foot or by a jeep. HPTDC tourist Complex Giriganga Resort is under construction .

The Himalaya, roof of the world, is a magic place where the magnificence of the world’s highest mountains is mirrored in the rugged beauty and unique culture of the people who live in their shadow.
Major Himalayan Regions:
Indian Himalayas, Nepal Himalayas, Tibetan Himalayas And Bhutan Himalayas
Also Known As:
Abode Of Snow
Himalayan Adventure Attractions:
Trekking, Mountaineering, Skiing, River Rafting

Himalayan range covers the entire northern part of India, nestling five major states of the country within it. The ancient Indian pilgrims who have travelled in these mountains since time immemorial coined a Sanskrit word for the Himalayas meaning “Abode of Snow”.

Some of the reasons why people have been so fascinated by the Indian Himalayas is because of the Hindu pilgrim routes, the low valleys that abruptly rise up in high mountain ranges, the lovely trekking hikes, densely forested areas lying just a mountain range away from barren cold deserts, and the lovely people of the mountains with their unique hospitable lifestyles. I

Indian Himalaya : Himalayan range covers the entire northern part of India, nestling five major states of the country within it. The ancient Indian pilgrims who have travelled in these mountains since time immemorial coined a Sanskrit word for the Himalayas meaning “Abode of Snow”.
Some of the reasons why people have been so fascinated by the Indian Himalayas is because of the Hindu pilgrim routes, the low valleys that abruptly rise up in high mountain ranges, the lovely trekking hikes, densely forested areas lying just a mountain range away from barren cold deserts, and the lovely people of the mountains with their unique hospitable lifestyles.


 Nepal Himalaya: Nepal is known as a true Himalayan Kingdom, reason being this country contains nine of the world's fourteen highest peaks. The Himalayas cover three fourths of the land in Nepal. This country is home to some of the highest, rugged, remote and most difficult terrain in the world.
With world's highest mountain peak Mount Everest, other high peaks like Lhotse, Nuptse, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and the presence of some very beautiful trekking routes and adventure sports, Nepal attracts thousands of adventure sports enthusiasts from all over the world every year.
 Tibetan Himalaya: The Tibetan plateau lies beyond the main Himalayan range and is rightly given the term “Trans Himalaya”. Also known as the “Roof of the World, Tibet is the highest plateau in the world. Home to Buddhism and the Lamas, Tibet has a powerful cultural tradition that has influenced many other parts of the Himalayas. Tibet also contains a large number of lakes from which rise some of the largest Himalayan Rivers. At present, this region forms the autonomous region in China.

Since time immemorial, ascetics, scholars, philosophers and pilgrim have been drawn irresistibly to the remote and rugged mountains of the Eastern Himalayas in their personal search for wisdom, inspiration, solitude and happiness, that also house the small Kingdom country of Bhutan. The invaluable spiritual and cultural heritage has shaped every facet of Bhutanese lives.

Himachal Wildlife:
Himachal Pradesh has a varied topography, climate and forest cover and is endowed with a vast variety of flora and fauna. From times immemorial, this tract is known for its wilderness, landscapes, beautiful forests and wildlife. In Himachal Pradesh, out of the total geographical area of 55,670 sqkm, the forest area as per legal classification is 37,691 sqkm. At present there are 32 Sanctuaries, 2 National Parks and 3 Games Reserves.


JoginderNagar

In 1925, the enterprising Raja Joginder Sen of Mandi created an elaborate hydel power scheme near the village of Sukrahatti which was then renamed Jogindernagar (1220m) after him. After tunnelling and piping the water over several kilometers from the river Uhl to Jogindernagar, the Shanan Power House was built by a team of engineers headed by Col. Battye. Later, the HP State Electricity Board added another set of turbines at nearby Bassi.

How to Get There
Jogindernagar is the terminal of the narrow gauge rail track from Pathankot. It is 65 km by road from Kangra and 55 km from Mandi. The nearest airports are at Gaggal (Kangra) and at Bhunter near Kullu at distance of 110km. Taxis and buses to Jogindernagar are available at all major stations.

Climate
In winter, the temperature can hover just above freezing point when heavy woollens are required. During summer, the climate is mild and light woollens/cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Jogindar Nagar

Macchyal Lake :
6 km from the Hotel Uhl is this small but enchanting lake held sacred to Machendru Devta.

Bassi Power House:
6 km from the hotel, this forms the second phase of the Jogindernagar power generation scheme. It is attracting picnic spot.

Bir :
16 km from Jogindernagar, this is to Tibetan settlement with a beautiful monastery. Famous for Hong Gliding.

Baijnath (1250m):
20 km from Jogindernagar. This is an exquisite temple where Lord Shiva is worshipped as Vaidyanath. 'The Lord of Physicians'. The original temple was built in 804 A.D. Here King Ravana is said to have supplicated Lord Shiva for the boon of immortatity.

Jhatingri (2012m):
12 km from Jogindernagar this is an enchanting spot, surrounded by thick deodar forest. The ruins of the summer palace of the Mandi rulers are located here.

Barot (2000m) :
40 km by road from Jogindernagar and 12 km by the haulage trolley, Barot packs an enormous range of out door activity. The reservoir of the power project is located here, and a Trout Breeding Centre-making it a wonderful place of angling. Across the river Uhl is the Nargu wild life sanctuary home to the Ghoral, Himalayan Black Bear and a variety peasants.

Kalpa

Situated at the height of 2960m above the sea level and about 110 km from Sarahan, Kalpa is beautiful and main village of Kinnaur across the river facing majestic mountains of Kinner-Kailash range.

Places of interest in and Around Kalpa

Recong Peo :
(2670m) located 240 kms from Shimla, 7 kms from Powari and 13 kms from Kalpa. Recong Peo is the Headquarter of the district Kinnaur. Provides fine view of the Kinner Kailash.

Kothi :
Just 3 km from Recong Peo. Kothi has an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Chanadika Devi. Set against a backdrop of mountains of deodar the temple has an unsual architectural style and fine sculpture. An exquisite gold image of the goddess is enshrined in the sanctrum.

Sangla Valley :
If a landscape had the powers of casting spells, then the Sangla Valley would be a magician-extraordinary. Once seen, it is a place that can never be forgotten. Even the rushing waters of the Baspa river, that flows through its 95 km length, seem to absorb some of the magic and slow down to savour its snow-framed beauty.

2km from Sangla is the fort of Kamru (3000m) its tower like architecture, resembles that of the Bhimakali complex and this was the original seat of the rulers of Bushehar, Chitkul (3450) is the last village of the Valley and beyond lies Tibet. The area is well known for its saffron farms and the Baspa river is an excellent place for angling for trout. The Hotel Shrikhand acts as the perfect base to visit the enchanting valley.

Riba (2745m) :
Just 18km from Powari on NH-22 is Riba, famous for its vineyards and local wine "Angoori" that is made from the grapes.

Jangi (2790m) :
26 km from Powari, the inner border is located here beyond which foreigners require permit to travel upto Tabo. From this point the famous Kinner Kailash Parikarama Trek starts touching Morang. Thangi and Kunocharang villages and entering Chitkul village in Sangla Valley.

Puh (2837m) :
Lush green fields orchards of apricot vineyards and almond trees, are to be seen on the route of Puh. Just 58km from Powari along the NH-22, Pup has rest house and hotel facilities.

Nako (3662m):
117 km from Kalpa. In Hangrang valley is the largest village above sea level. It is also famous for Nako Lake, which has boating facilities in summer, and during winter its frozen surface is used for ice-skating. Buddhist monastery is located here
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Kasauli
This small hill-station seems to live in a time warp that belongs to the 19th century. The narrow roads of Kasauli (1951 m) slither up and down the hillside and offer some magnificent vistas. Directly below is the spread of vast plains of Punjab and Haryana which as dakness falls, unroll a gorgeous carpet of twinkling lights. At 3647 m, the peak of Choor Chandni (also called the Choordhar) powerfully dominates the lower hills and across the undulating ranges, Shimla is visible.

The upper and lower malls run through Kasauli's length and one can enjoy long walks on it. A mixed forest of pine, oak and huge horse-chestnut encircles the town. Its colonial ambience is reinforced by a stretch of cobbled road, quaint shops, gabled houses with charming facades and scores of neat little gardens and orchards.

How to Get There

Kasauli is connected by road. The closest broadgauge railhead is at Kalka, 37 km away. The closest airports are at Chandigarh, (65 km) and Shimla (73 km). Taxis and buses for Kasauli are available from Delhi, Chandigarh, Kalka and Shimla.

Climate

In winter, the temperature gets guite low and heavy woollens are required. In summer, the climate is mild and light woollens / cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Kasuali

Monkey Point :
3 ½ Km from Hotel Ros Common a hill which derives its name from Rishi Man-ki who used to worship an idol of Lord Hanuman ji and later the summit is crowned with a small temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman and presently being looked after by the personnel of Air Force, stationed here. The area being restricted from security point of view, no belongings like Camera, bags are allowed.

Other Attractions :

An ancient Church is worth seeing located on the Upper Mall Road. A little above this place, there is a Central Research Institute established in 1906 by Dr. Sample, It prepares vaccines for treatment of typhoid, cholera, smallpox, and snake-bite and is only of its kind in Asia. Close to this there is Pasteur Institute founded in 1900 to produce antirabies vaccine against dog-bite There is yet another sanatorium for TB patients because of its heal thy most environment. TV Tower is an another land mark. Baptist Church established in 1923 is also worthseeing.

Baba Balak Nath Temple :
3 km. On the Graner Hill top is a famous temple of Sidh Baba Balak Nathji. It is believed that Baba Balak Nath ji one night appeared in dreams to a local resident named Vijay Kumar and told him to built a temple at the place, where the present temple is located. This temple is of its own kind where many issueless couples visit to be blessed with a child, whose baptism ceremony is also performed in the same very temple. A number of photographs of such blessed children are the evidence, which are kept as record by Baba Vijay Kumar ji in the Temple.

Shirdi Sai Baba Mandir :
Built in 1989 by Sai Sudha Trust is a famous temple located half km away from Garkhal. The idol of Sai Baba was built at Jaipur and the burning flame in this Temple Signifies the divine power of Sai Babaji of Shirdi.

Lawrence School :
5 km : Situated on the top of the hill is a famous Lawrence School. Sir Henry Lawrence was the founder of this School. He also built the first cottage in Kasuali known as Sunny side in 1848.
 
Climate
The climate is dry, with very low rainfall. It is also bitterly cold. With winter temperatures dropping to -30 degrees Celsius, and cold winds blowing all year round, Spiti's climate can be quite inhospitable. The summer season lasts from late May to September. Winter sets in early and temperatures remain below freezing point for long periods. High velocity winds lash most parts of Spiti throughout the year. The mountain slopes of Spiti are virtually devoid of vegetation. The three distinct geographic regions in Spiti are the Spiti Valley, the Pin Valley and the high mountain regions located in the north and east of Spiti.
Kaza
Kaza is the main town and headquarters of Spiti. The town lies in the core of the cold desert and hence is extremely arid. Arctic conditions prevail in winter and the town remains under a thick blanket of snow. Sub-zero temperatures are experienced for long periods during the cold season.
July and August are the warmest months, with the maximum temperature not rising above 21 degrees Celsius at Kaza.
Once was the capital of Nono the chief of Spiti, Kaza situated at an altitude of 3600m above sea level on the left bank of Spiti, presently is the Head quarter of Spiti Sub Division. This beautiful place has buddhist monastery and Hindu Temple.

How to Get There :

Nearest Airports are at Kullu (Bhunter) 250 km and Shimla 445 km. Kaza can be approached by road from Shimla (May to October) and from Manali 200 km via Kunzum Pass (June to October).

Places of Interest in and Around Kaza

Tabo :
(3050m) 163 km from Kalpa and 33 km from Sumdo. Ancient village Tabo is situated on the left bank of river Spiti. Flanked on either side by hills, it has one of the most important Buddhist monastries regarded by many as only next to the Tholing Gompa in Tibet. It is also known as the Ajanta of the Himalayas. Tabo is the largest monastic complex of spiti which has since been declared a protected monument under the ages of Archaeological Survey of India.

Kaza :
(3600m) 210 km from Kalpa, 47 km from Tabo. The headquarters of Spiti sub-district, Kaza is on the bank of river Spiti. In earlier times, it was the capital of Nono, the chief of Spiti. It has Buddhist Monastery and Hindu Temple.

Ki Gompa :
(4116m) 7 km from Kaza. The largest monastery in Spiti Valley. Established in the 11th century, it has ancient Buddhist scrolls and paintings. It also houses the largest number of Buddhist monks and nuns.

Kibber :
(4205m) 18 km from Kaza. The highest village in the world which is conneced by a motor-able road and also has its own polling station during elections.

Dhankar :
(3890m) 24 km from Tabo, this place is famous for fort and Buddhist monastery.

Pin Valley :
The pin valley lies below the Kungri Glacier and has several beautiful and important monasteries. This is called the land of Ibex and snow leopards. It has National Park. The road to Pin Valley bifurcates at Attargu (25km) from Tabo which reaches Gulling at Kungri.

Kunzam Pass :
(4551m) 76 km : One of the highest motorable passes. Goddess Kunjum keeps guard over this pass and wards of evil.

Chander Tal Lake :
(4270m) 7 km (trek) from Kunzam Pass, this is one of the most beautiful lakes in the entire Himalayan region. Surrounded by snows and mountains, this deep blue water lake has cirumferences of 2.5 km. River Chandra flows very close to it.

Adventure :
The HPTDC has identified two treks viz (1) Kinner Parikarma (4 days, by bus and 4 days by trek) (2) Bhaba Pin valley trek (5 days trekking). Kinnaurs Baspa river in the Sangla Velley is popular for Trout fishing.
Keylong
Situated at an altitude of 3350 mtrs., Keylong is the head quarter of Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh lying on Indo-Tebetan Border. The region is strange, exciting, primitive mountaineous and delightful. "Rudyard Kipling said of the region " Surely the God live here thisno place for men. " the route of Lahaul takes a traveller over Rohtang Pass (3980m above the sea level). Koksar ( 1st village of Tandi crossing the river Chanderbhaga.

How to get there :
By road the distance from Manali is 115 km. Due to heavy snowfall the Rohtang pass remains closed from Taxis are available from Manali, HPTDC also plies regular buses to Leh via Keylong during season. Nearest airport is Bhunter. 175 km from Keylong. The nearest railhead is at Jogindernagar, 250 km away.

Climate :
Lahaul remains cut- off from outside the world till mid June due to heavy snowfall and closing of Rohtang Pass. There is little or no rain in monsoon. The climate remains dry and invigorating. The days are hot and nights are extremely cold. Heavy/Light woollens are recommended.

Places of Interest in and around Keylong

Lahaul is well for its monasteries, locally called gompas, which are great repositories of Budhist faith and art treasures. These are Kardang-8 km. Shasur-3 km. Guru Ghantal - 4 km. And Tyaul 6 km.

Tandi :
(2573m) 8kms, short of Keylong, on the Manali-Leh Road, situated on the confluence of Chandra and Bhaga rivers.

Sissu :
(3100) on the bank of Chandra 15 km from Koksar, every spring and autumn wild geese and ducks halt here on their way to and from Siberia.

Gondla :
(3110) 18 km from Keylong on the right bank of river Chandra. Famous for ancient Fort.

Udaipur :
(2523m) 53 km from Keylong, home of the Mrikula Devi temple, which is famous for wood carvings.

Triloknath:
(2760m) 4 km from Udaipur. Famous for Trilokinath temple. Sacred both for Hindu and Buddhist.

Baralacha Pass (4883m):
On the Manali-Leh road this pass was once used by travellers to Central Asia for centuries and now by high altitude trekkers.

Adventure and Fishing :
The Manali based Mountaineering Institute organises skiing, rock climbing and mountaineering courses, Numerous treks and adventure trails lead out of Manali.

Shopping :
Shawls, Local tweeds, caps, rugs (namdas) footwear, fresh fruit, natural oils (olive and almond), silver jewellery, pullovers, metal craft, woollen jackets and bamboo products.



Lawrence School :
5 km : Situated on the top of the hill is a famous Lawrence School. Sir Henry Lawrence was the founder of this School. He also built the first cottage in Kasuali known as Sunny side in 1848.
Situated at an altitude of 3350 mtrs., Keylong is the head quarter of Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh lying on Indo-Tebetan Border. The region is strange, exciting, primitive mountaineous and delightful. "Rudyard Kipling said of the region " Surely the God live here thisno place for men. " the route of Lahaul takes a traveller over Rohtang Pass (3980m above the sea level). Koksar ( 1st village of Tandi crossing the river Chanderbhaga.

How to get there :
By road the distance from Manali is 115 km. Due to heavy snowfall the Rohtang pass remains closed from Taxis are available from Manali, HPTDC also plies regular buses to Leh via Keylong during season. Nearest airport is Bhunter. 175 km from Keylong. The nearest railhead is at Jogindernagar, 250 km away.

Climate :
Lahaul remains cut- off from outside the world till mid June due to heavy snowfall and closing of Rohtang Pass. There is little or no rain in monsoon. The climate remains dry and invigorating. The days are hot and nights are extremely cold. Heavy/Light woollens are recommended.

Places of Interest in and around Keylong

Lahaul is well for its monasteries, locally called gompas, which are great repositories of Budhist faith and art treasures. These are Kardang-8 km. Shasur-3 km. Guru Ghantal - 4 km. And Tyaul 6 km.

Tandi :
(2573m) 8kms, short of Keylong, on the Manali-Leh Road, situated on the confluence of Chandra and Bhaga rivers.

Sissu :
(3100) on the bank of Chandra 15 km from Koksar, every spring and autumn wild geese and ducks halt here on their way to and from Siberia.

Gondla :
(3110) 18 km from Keylong on the right bank of river Chandra. Famous for ancient Fort.

Udaipur :
(2523m) 53 km from Keylong, home of the Mrikula Devi temple, which is famous for wood carvings.

Triloknath:
(2760m) 4 km from Udaipur. Famous for Trilokinath temple. Sacred both for Hindu and Buddhist.

Baralacha Pass (4883m):
On the Manali-Leh road this pass was once used by travellers to Central Asia for centuries and now by high altitude trekkers.

Adventure and Fishing :
The Manali based Mountaineering Institute organises skiing, rock climbing and mountaineering courses, Numerous treks and adventure trails lead out of Manali.

Shopping :
Shawls, Local tweeds, caps, rugs (namdas) footwear, fresh fruit, natural oils (olive and almond), silver jewellery, pullovers, metal craft, woollen jackets and bamboo products.

Kufri
Situated at an altitude of 251 Om from sea level and a distance of 1 6 km from Shimla and 27 km from Chail, this place in winter and in summer is ideal for excursion. One can enjoy the walk which leads upto Mahasu peak.
This is a place from where skiing came into being in 1954 when Winter Sports Club Kufri was set up. Kufri had its first skiing carnival in 1955 in which competition the Ambassador of Norway took part, begging all the prestigious prizes and later gifted fifty pairs of skies to the Club as a token of affection. But due to the ecological variation and conditions, Kufri started receiving less snow during the winters.
The last carniwal could take place in February, 1968. The people still recall that about ten thousand persons attended this function that year. It has also a Nature Park, Potato Research Center and Yak riding is also another attraction.
How to Get There :

Shimla is just 16 km where all access facilities are available. HPTDC also runs Sight-Seeing tours from Shimla.

Climate :

In winter the temperature can drop below freezing point when heavy woollens are required and in summer the climate is mild and light woollens/cottons are recommended.

Kullu

Surrounded by the Pir Panjal, Parvati and Barabhangal ranges, Kullu lies at the confluence of the Parvati and Beas rivers.This temple istemple town is renowned for the Dusshera celebrations and is the gateway to Manali. The artisans of Kullu valley preserve a rich heritage of handlooms and handicrafts. There is an amazing range of beautiful handloom and handicraft products in Kullu.

Exquisite Temples
10 kms. from Kulu across the Beas river, Bijli Mahadev temple is one of the striking temples in the temples strewn district. From the temple a panoramic view of Kulu & Paravati valleys can be seen. A 60 feet high staff of Bijli Mahadev temple glistens like a silver needle in the sun. in this temple of lightening it is said, the tall staff attracts the divine blessings in the form of lightening. Situated 1 km. from Dhalpur, Raghunathji temple is the principal deity of the valley.

Woolens & Handicrafts
Buy their handicrafts - especially the famous shawls, blankets and carpets of Kullu which are traded at the fair. The soft, fine woolen shawls are made from the wool of domesticated 'pashmina' goats or wild goatsThe wool is collected through the summer from the high mountains where the wild goats shed their soft fleece against thorny shrubs and sharp rocks. Then the whole winter long, when they are snow bound, the locals weave their lovely shawls.

Dussehra festival
The town of Kullu is famous for the grand style in which the Dussehra Festival is celebrated in October. The idols of the gods and goddesses from all the village temples in the valley, are carried in processions in gaily decorated palanquins to the Maidan to pay homage to the presiding deity, Raghunath ji (Lord Ram), whose idol is installed there. A fair springs up and the festival is celebrated with a great deal of singing, dancing and merriment. After a week of festivities the deities are returned to their respective temples.

Adventure Sports
Blessed with an abundance of natural beauty, Kullu Valley offers a wide scope of activities for nature lovers. It's lush green forests, alpine meadows, gurgling rivulets and high snow covered mountains are ideal for skiing, mountaineering, trekking and other adventure sports. A very popular trekking route takes you over the Hamta Pass to the marvelous Chandertal Lake situated at an altitude of 4270 m.



Climate
In winter, the temperature gets quite low when heavy woolens are required. It is pleasant in summer and cottons are recommended.

How To Reach
  • Air
    Kullu is connected by Indian Airlines, Trans Bharat Aviation and Jagson flights with Delhi & Shimla. The airport is at Bhuntar, 10kms. from Kulu.
  • Rail
    Nearest convenient rail heads are Kalka, Chandigarh and Pathankot on Broad Gauge from where Kullu can be reached by road.
  • Road
    Kulu is well connected by road with Delhi, Ambala, Chandigarh, Shimla, Dehradun, Pathankot, Dharamsala & Dalhousie etc. Regular direct buses ply between these stations including deluxe, semi-deluxe and air conditioned buses during tourist season.
Kullu - Travel to Kullu hill station in Himalayas which is full of amazing sights, blessed with all the natural bounties, surrounded by towering peaks, trekking and hiking trails, a popular honeymoon destination and known for its immense natural beauty all over the world.
Location :
240-km From Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Altitude :
1,220m
Main Attractions :
Kullu Dusshera, Bijli Mahadev Temple
Best Time To Visit :
Mid-May To Mid-October.
Kullu was once known as “Kulanthpitha”, which means the end of the habitable world. Beyond rose the forbidding heights of the Greater Himalayas, and by the banks of the shining river Beas, lay the fabled 'Silver Valley' of Kulu. Here is the core of an intricate web of numerous valleys - each of which is a visual delight and seems more beautiful than the other. The Himalayan mountain scapes remain spectacular whether in brilliant sunshine or in the haze of the mist.
The town of Kullu has long been a centre of faith. In the 17th century, Raja Jagat Singh installed here an idol of Lord Raghunathji, which he brought from Ayodhya. As a mark of his penance, he placed the idol on his throne and it became the presiding deity of the Kullu valley.

The town of Kulu is famous for its colourful Dussehra festival. Decorated palanquins and processions convey Gods and Goddesses from temples all over the valley to Kullu, to pay homage to the reigning deity, Raghunathji. A Fair springs up during the festival which is celebrated with a great deal of singing, dancing and festivity.

Places Of Interest In Kullu
Raghunathji Temple:
In the 17th century, Raja Jagat Singh of Kulu committed a great wrong. To atone for the sin he sent a senior courtier to Ayodhya for a statue of Lord Raghunath - Lord Ram. This temple was built by Raja Jagat Singh to house the image and even today, is greatly revered. The shrine houses an image of Shri Raghunath in his chariot.

Bijli Mahadev Temple:
Set on a spur that offers some spectacular views, this temple is famous for its 20m high rod that periodically draws lightning, which shatters the 'Shivalinga' and scorches the building. Using only butter as adhesive, the 'linga' is then carefully pieced together by the temple pundit.

Around Kullu
Naggar:
For 1,400 years Naggar remained the capital of Kullu. Its 16th century stone and wood castle is now a hotel run by Himachal Tourism. Here, a gallery houses the paintings of the Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich. Naggar also has three other old shrines.

Parvati Valley & Manikarna:
At 1,737 m, here am hot sulphur springs that bubble next to the by waters of the Penal river. The place is revered by both Hindus and Sikhs Treks from here lead to Pulga, Khirganga and Mantalai' a stretch of considerable natural beauty. The route finally reaches the Pin Parvati Pass (4802 m), which opens into the Sutlej valley.
Jagatsukh :
Jagatsukh is the most ancient Kullu capital, situated on the left bank, between Nagar and Manali. Around the Jagatsukh secondary school playground there are two ancient temples - the small shrine of Gaurishankar and the larger chalet-roofed temple to the goddess Sandhya Devi, the stone base of which is much more ancient than the 19th-century wooden verandah and roof.

Deo Tibba:
Also known as Indralika, this 2,953 metres (9,687 ft.) high snow dove Jagatsukh, has a legend around it, with Arjuna. He started performing 'tapa' at this mountain, under the advice of Maharishi Vyas, in order to obtain the powerful Pasupata Astra from Indra. 

Adventure Sports in Kullu
Angling & Fishing in Kullu:

Kasol:
An open glade by the banks of the river Parvati, Kasol makes a good holiday destination. Clean white sand separates the lush green grass from the stone, this place is well known for trout fishing.

Raison:
By the banks of the Beas-and on the Kullu-Manali Highway- Himachal Tourism runs a camping site here. This place is ideal for a taste of adventure and for spending a quiet holiday in solitary splendour.

Katrain:
At about midpoint on Kullu-Manali road, this is the home of lush orchards and famous for bee-keeping and trout fishing. Khatrain is the widest point in Kullu Valley and is overlooked by the 3,325 m Baragarh peak.

Largi:
Largi is a small hamlet, 34-km south of Kulu via Aut, offers the best trout fishing and scenic beauty in the valley. The resthouse there is in a stunning location where two Himalayan torrents, the Sainj and Tirthan, meet. Fishing permits can be obtained from Kullu and Largi itself.
Banjar:
It is about 58-km from Kulu at an altitude of 1,534m (5,000 ft.). Banjar is famous for its panoramic beauty and trout fishing in river Tirtham.

Bathad:
A beautiful spot at a distance of 67-km can be approached by road from Kullu. It is recognized for adventurous games such as hunting, trout fishing and breathtakingly beautiful sites.

Trekking in Kullu

The valley is the nucleus of several trek routes. Some major ones are over the Chanderkhani Pass to Malana and Pin Parbati Pass to Sarahan. The Jalora Pass lies 5-km beyond Shoja and gives access to the outer Seraj region of the Kullu Valley. From Chamba to Udaipur (Lahaul) over Sach Pass, can be completed by trekkers within a day span of nine or ten days.


How To Get There
Air:
The airport at Bhuntar is 10-km from Kullu, where taxis and buses are available.
Rail:
The closest narrow gauge railhead is at Jogindernagar, 95-km from Kullu.

Road:
By road, the distance from Delhi via Mandi is 530-km and from Shimla this is 240-km. From Delhi and Shimla, luxury buses ply to Kulu. There's a bus and taxi stand on the opposite side of maidan. The main bus stand is by river in the northern area of the town.

DISTANCE FROM MAJOR CITIES
Kasidhar: 15-km
» Kasol: 42-km
» Manikaran: 45-km
» Shoja: 69-km
» Raison: 13-km
» Naggar: 23-km
» Manali: 40-km
Lahaul
Lahaul and Spiti are two remote Himalayan Valleys of H.P. lying on the Indo-Tibet border. Strange, exciting, primitive, these valleys are unsurpassed in mountain scape, in the rugged beauty of their rocky escapements and the splendor of their snow covered peaks.

Lahaul is marked by a central mass of uniformly high mountains and massive glaciers. The two rivers, Chandra and Bhaga which rise on either side of the Baralacha La, flow through the narrow Chandra and Bhaga valleys. Lahaul is a land of fascinating Buddhist art and culture. The monasteries of Lahaul-Spiti are rich repositories of ancient murals, thankas, wood carving and golden images of Padmasambhava. The valley lies at a height of 2745 metres above sea level. Summer in this valley is cool and pleasant with green grass and alpine flowers. There are little monsoon in both these valleys and this enables climbers & trekkers to enjoy a long and unbroken season in perpetual sunshine to explore the wilderness and grandeur of the inner Himalaya. This unique feature makes Lahul-Spiti as an ideal destination for tourists and trekkers in the month of July, August and September. Keylong is 115 kms. from Manali and is the District Headquarters of Lahul-Spiti District.
GENERAL INFORMATION

AREA 13835 sq. kms.
POPULATION 30,820
ALTITUDE 3340 m (Keylong)
CLOTHING Light woollen in Summer
Heavy woollen in Winter.

TEMPERATURE Maximum:26.8 C Min 1.38 C Summer
Maximum:6.1 C Min (-)19.38 C Winter

VISITING SEASON June to October
LANGUAGES Lahauli, English, Hindi, Bhoti are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.
RELIGION Hinduism & Budhism

APPROACH

Road: Lahaul is connected with road from all parts of the country. Manali is the point where buses from various stations come. From here, one can take bus/taxi to any destination in Lahaul-Spiti, Pangi & Leh during the months between June to November depending upon opening and closing of Rohtang pass (3979 m), the gateway to this valley. National highway 21 is passes through this valley enroute to Leh.

WHAT TO SEE

GONDLA(3160 m): It is 18 kms. from Keylong on the right bank of Chandra river. The location of royal houses of the village is interesting. In the month of July a fair is held when Lamas dance & enjoy. The Gompa of this village has historical significance and the fair attracts a large number of visitors. The residence of the Thakur of Gondla is an eight storey building of its own kind in the entire Lahaul valley. It is worth a visit. This is called Gondla castle or fort and was built in 1700 A.D.

TANDI: Tandi is 8 kms. short of Keylong and is situated at the confluence of Chandra & Bhaga rivers. A legend says that there were two lovers, Chandra being the daughter of the Moon and Bhaga the son of the Sun god. To perform there eternal marriage, they decided to climb to the Baralacha La & from there they ran in opposite directions. Chandra being active and smart easily found her way &reached Tandi after covering the distance of 115 kms. Soon Bhaga was found coming with great struggle through the narrow gorges to Tandi where consequently both met and the celestial marriage was performed. Bhaga covered about 60 kms. distance which was very difficult.

GURU GHANTAL MONASTERY(3020 m): This is on the right bank of Chandra river about 4kms. above Tandi and is believed to be the oldest Gompa of Lahaul having wooden structure with pyramidal roofs, wood carving and preserving the idols of Padmasambhava & Brajeshwari Devi. On the full moon night in mid-June a festival called "GHANTAL" is celebrated by Lamas & Thakurs together.

KEYLONG (3340 m): Keylong is the district Headquarters of Lahaul Spiti on the main road to Leh over Rohtang. It is an oasis of green fields and willow trees, water streams surrounded with brown hills and snow capped peaks. There are hotels, tourist bungalows and rest houses to stay.

KARDANG MONASTERY(3500 m): It is about 5kms. from Keylong across Bhaga river. It is believed to be built in 12th century. The Monastery has a large library of Kangyur and Tangyur volumes of Budhist scriptures in Bhoti. Kardang village was once the capital of Lahaul.

SHASHUR MONASTERY: Situated on a hill about 3 kms. far from Keylong towards north on the same slope. During June/July this monastery attracts lot of visitors when Lamas perform devil dance. It was founded in the 17th century a.d. It belongs to red hat sect and is located among the blue pines. The paintings are represent the history of 84 Buddha's.

TAYUL GOMPA(3900 m): Tayul Gompa is 6 kms. from Keylong and is one of the oldest monasteries of the valley having a big statue of Guru Padmasamhava about 5 m high and houses library of Kangyur having 101 volumes. In Tibetan language Ta-Yul means the chosen place. There is an interesting story behind this.

SISSU(3120 m): It is on Keylong-Koksar road over 30 kms. from Keylong. There is a big waterfall here. This is the seat of God Geypan, who is worshipped in the entire valley.

KOKSAR(3140 m): It is 21kms. beyond Rohtang pass in Lahaul and is the coldest place in Lahaul. HRTC workshop, Rest House, police assistance and eating places are available during the season.

JISPA: It is 20kms from Keylong on the bank of Bhaga river having a rest house and mountaineer hut. There is a big camping ground. Sufficient trout fish is available in the river.

GEMUR: It is 18 kms. from Keylong in Bhaga valley where devil dance is held during July in the Local Gompa. The place is situated on Manali-Leh highway.

DARCHA(3360 m): It is 24 kms. from Keylong on Leh road where a camping ground is available. From Darcha trekkers start their trek to Padem, via Shingola as well as Baralacha/Phirtsela. There is a police check-post for assistance. Beyond this point there are hardly any trees. Yotche and Zanskar Nallahs meet Bhaga river here from different directions.

BARALACHA LA(4883 m): It is about 73 kms. from Keylong on Manali Leh road. The name means pass with cross roads on summit (roads from Ladakh, Spiti and Lahaul join at the top). There is no road yet from Spiti. Only a path exists. This is also the point of origin of Chandra, Bhaga and, Yunam rivers. They flow to three different directions through the Chandra, Bhaga and Lingti valleys.

SARCHU: It is the last border point between Himachal and Ladakh, where HPTDC put up a tented colony for the convenience of the touristsduring summer season. It is situated at a distance of 116 kms. from Keylong.

SHANSHA: This is on the right bank of river Chandra-Bhaga (Chenab) at a distance of 27kms. from Keylong on Udaipur road. The Geypan, a powerful deity of Lahaul is believed to be born here. A shrine dedicated to the deity has also been built in this village.

TRILOKINATH TEMPLE: Trilokinath means the Shiva. A Temple is situated in the village which is about 4 kms. short of Udaipur on the left bank of Chenab river. Devotees from far off places come to pay their respects at this unique temple. This Shiva temple was given a look of Budhist shrine by Guru Padmasambhava by installing the 6-armed image of Avalokiteshvar. It is now sacred both to Hindus and Buddhists alike and attracts many pilgrims from both these communities. In August, a big festival named Pauri is held for three days when people including the sadhus and followers of various religious sects gather to receive the blessings of Lord Trilokinath.

UDAIPUR(2743 m): In olden times this village was known as Markul and so the name of local goddess is Markula Devi. The temple here is unique and famous for its wooden carving on its roof and ceiling. Raja Udai Singh of Chamba changed its name. This place is situated near the confluence of Chenab and Mayar Nallah. This place is therefore a starting point for Mayar valley and further on to Zanskar and other peaks. This is a green area rather the whole Chenab valley is greener than the Lahaul valley. It has a rest house and some hotels and is a good resting place.

Some years back the road was only upto this point and from here the trekking expeditions to different areas used to start. Now the road is under construction beyond this place and the bus is goes upto Tindi. This road has now been connected up to Killar, which is the meeting point of another roads; one from Kishtwar(J&K) and from Chamba over the Sach pass.
 

 Maharana Pratap sagar Lake
Location:

Maharana Pratap Sagar is at 450 metres above sea level, 32 degrees North and 76 degrees East.

In district Kangra, 170 Km from Chandigarh, 110 Km from the district headquarters Dharamshala. The closest railway stations are Mukerian- 30 Km, and the charming Narrow gauge Kangra Railway Line that connects Pathankot to Joginder Nagar connects Pathankot- 32 Km. The Settlements of Nagrota Suriyan and Jawalaji located on the Sagar’s periphery. The closest airport is Gaggal- 40 Kms.
The Lake is well served by a Network of roads. Named in honour of great patriot Maharana Partap(1572-97 A.D.), Maharana Partap Sagar was once known as Pong Dam Reservoir. Its Reservoir has an area of 45,000 hects at maximum flooding-the level varies with every season and averages around 30,000 hects.
Over 200 villages with a population of 85,000 people are scattered along the wetland. In 1983, the Sagar was declared a Wild Life Sanctuary and over 220 species of birds belonging to 54 families have been sighted over the waters and these include black headed gulls, plovers, terns, ducks.
The land portion of the Sanctuary has barking dear, sambar, wild boars, leopards and claw-less others. 27 Species and sub species of fish belonging to six families have been recorded in the Sagar’s water. There is a branch of Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports at the Sagar and year around activities include swimming, water skiing, surfing , rowing and sailing.
The Directorate of Tourism and Civil Aviation provides equipment at the Sagar – this includes sale boats, paddle boats, speed aero boats. Various courses – beginners, intermediate and advanced – are also conducted at the Sagar.
Manali
 One day, Varvasvata, the seventh incamaiton of Manu found a tiny fish in his bathing water. The fish told him to look after it with devotion for one day it would do him a great service. The seventh Manu cared for the fish till the day it grew so huge that he released it into the sea. Before departing. The fish warned Manu of an impending deluge When the entire world would be submerged and bade him to build a sea worthy ark. When the flood came varvasvata and seven sages were towed to safety by Matsya, the fish-which is regarded as first avatara of Lord Vishnu. As the water subsided the seventh Manu's ark came to the rest on a hillside and the place was named Manali (2050m) after him.

As the earth slowly dried, here arose a place of breath taking natural beauty which was only appropriate for it was at Manali that life began again. Today this legendary cradle of all human kind is a prime holiday destination. There are high mountains surrounded by silent snows and deep boulder strew gorges. There are thick forests full of cool breezes and bird songs. There are fields of wild flowers, small picturesque hamlets and fruit laden orchards.

How To Get There

The airport at Bhunter is 50 km from Manali where taxis and buses are available. The closest narrow gauge railhead is at Jogindemagar. 135 km away. The closest broad gauge rail heads are Chandigarh ( 310 km) and Ambala (355 km). By road the distance from Delhi via mandi is 570 km, and from Shimla the distance is 280 km. From Shimla. Chandigarh and Delhi, Himachal Tourism plies luxury buses to Manali.

Climate
In winter, the temperature can drop to below freezing point when heavy woolens are required, Summer temperature are mild and light woolens/cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Manali

Hidimba Temple
(1 km ) Built in 1553 and with a superbly crafted four tiered pagoda roof, it is famous for its exquisitely carved doorway.

Manu Temple :
(2 km) this is dedicated to the sage Manu.

Vashisth :
(3 km) : Well known for its hot springs. There are old temples dedicated to the sage Vashisth and to Lorde Rama. These are just beyond the Himachal Tourism baths.

Monasterires :
There are three recently built Tibetan monasteries at Manali.

Jagatsukh (6 km) :
The one - time capital of Kullu. Here are old temples deidicated to Lord Shiva and to Sandhya Gayatri. The Arjun caves are just ahead.

Solang Valley :
(14 km) : In a picturesque setting this has good ski slopes and picnic spots. SHPTDC organises ski packages during winter.

Towards the Rohtang Pass :
On the road to Keylong is the Nehru Kund (6 km) which is a clear water spring and scenic spot named after the late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. Kothi (12 km) is a picturesque village and has a thrilling view of the deep gorge through which the Beas swifty races. The beautiful Rahalla falls (16 km) are at an altitude of 2500 m. A crucial link on the old trade-route and still the gateway to trans Himalayan Lahaul. The Rohtang Pass is at height of 3980 m.
 Mandi
The historic town of Mandi (800m) is situated along the banks of the river Bears. It has long been an important commercial centre, and the sage Mandvya is said to have meditated here. This, one time capital of the princely State of Mandi is a fast developing town that still retains much of its original charm and character. Today, it is a district headquarters. Mandi is renowned for its 81 old stone temples and their enormous range of fine carving and is often called the 'Varanasi of the Hill'. The town also has the remains of old palaces and notable exemples of colonial architecture. Mandi is the gateway of the Kullu valley and acts as the base for several exciting excursions.

How to Get There

The nearest airport is at Bhunter 59 km away. The broad-gauge railhead is at Pathankot, at a distance of 210 km. From Pathankot the narrow gauge railway connects Jagindernagar which is 56 km from Mandi. From Chandigarh one can drive directly to Mandi via Ropar, Swarghat and Bilaspur, the distance is 203 km. The drive takes around 5 hours.

Climate
In winter, the temperature can hover around freezing point when heavy woolens are required During summer, the climate is hot but pleasant and cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Mandi

BHOOTNATH TEMPLE :
Practically synonymous with Mandi and located in its very heart this is as old as the town itself and dates back to the 1520s. In March, the festival of Shivratri is a major event and the Bhootnath temple is its focus. For an entire week the town celebrates the arrival of hundreds of local deities on elaborately decorated palanquins.

SYAMAKALI TEMPLE :
Also called the temple of Tarna Devi on Tarna Hill which rises above the town. In the 17th century this was built by Raja Shyama Sen after particularly trying time when the godess gave him success.

Other Temples In Mandi Town :
Within the town is a varitable roll-call of shrines. Apart from the emotions they evoke, they also have a wealth of classical architecture and ornate sculpture. Many of these are devoted to Lord Shiva, at the Triloknath Temple he is depicted as the lord of the three words, at the Panchvaktra he has five faces, expressing his five aspects. At the Ardhanarisvara Temple, Lord Shiva appears in composite form with the right half as male and the left half as female symbolising the male and female principles of cosmic evolution.

There are several exquisite temples along the college road and the banks of the Beas are lined with many more. At the Gyarah Rudra Temple, the day the famous Amarnath darshan takes place, the temple is decorated to resemble the Amarnath Cave. The other places of interest within Mandi are the Rani Amrit Kaur Park, the District Library Building and the Vijay Kesari Bridge.

Pandoh :
16 km from Mandi, an earth and rock fill dam is located here.

Sundernagar (1175m):
24 km from Mandi is this attractive town where the balancing reservoir of the Beas-Sutlej ink canal is located. The road has the canal on one side and lush green field on the other which makes drinking along it a real pleasure. The Mahamaya Temple is on the top of the hill.

Prashar Lake (2730m):
40 km north of Mandi is this beautiful lake, with a three stayed pagoda like Temple dedicated to the sage Prashar.

Janjehli (2200m):
67 km from Mandi. A scenic place surrounded by thick forests and springs. It is also the base of some excellent treks.

Shikari Devi (2850m):
15km from Janjehli there is an ancient temple of Shikari Devi.

Shopping :
A variety of traditional handicrafts including silver jewellery and stone carving can be purchased at Mandi.
 Manikaran
 Manikaran (45 km) : At 1737 m, on the right bank of river Parvati. This place is famous for hot sulphur springs revered by both Hindus and Sikhs pilgrimages. Thousand, of pilgrimages have their dip in hot water. The water of the spring is also said to be radio-active which cures many skin diseases. While the temperature of the water is above boilling point. Rice and Dal if placed in a Muslin bag or tied up in cloth, soon be ready for eating purpose. According to an ancient saying Manikaran is also connected with Lord Shiva and his divine concert Parvati.

How to Get There :
By road the Manikaran is 45 km from Kullu via Bhuntar and 85 km from Manali. The road bifurcates at Bhuntar 10 km short from Kullu via Jari and Kasol. The airport is at Bhuntar (Kullu) 35 km.

Climate
In winter, the temperature gets quite low when heavy woollens are required. It is pleasant in Summer and Cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Manikaran

Pulga :
Manikaran to Pulga is rather a stiff march of 16 km and a climb of a nearly 1600 meters. The place is on the left bank of the river.

Khirganga :
The place is well known for its hot springs. Its water contains medicinal property. Another two kilometers from Khirganga lies Mantala.

Chandra Khanni Pass :
It lies east of Katrain, After a stiff climbing, the whole area looks wonderfully striking and colourful when the flowers blossom.

Malana Village :
Little further of the beautiful Chandra Khani Pass lies an unique village 'Malana' which is famous for its distinct culture and the temple of Jamlu. There is no rules in Malana village or any type of administration which holds the inhabitants to act according to the law and rules. The law just do not apply here.

The nearest village is Jari about 30 kms down in the valley. Apply here. The nearet village is Jari about 30 kms down in the valley. Shoja (69km) at 2962 m, this is a vantage point for a complete panorama of the Kulla area - snow peaks and valleys, meadows and forests, rivers and streams.

 Manimahesh Lake
Location :
At an altitude of 4080 metres in district Chamba, 32 kms. from Bharmaur. Held sacred to Lord Shiva this lake has in the Bundhil valley at the foot of Manimahesh ranges.
The peaks of Manimahesh Kailash are regarded as one of the mythical abodes of Shiva. This is the venue of annual Manimahesh yatra.



Kee Monastery
the largest monastery in Spiti, situated on the left bank of Spiti river has the appearance of a hill fort. The monastery was probably built early in the eleventh century. During the Dogra invasion of 1834, the monastery suffered heavily from fire. The movables were saved by the timely flight of the monks who carried them to the interior hills. The upper buildings, house five gompas and a large kitchen beside other rooms. The gompas are the focal points of the monastery. A statue of the Buddha dominates each of them. On either side of the statue, there are rows of wooden pigeonholes where Tibetan scriptures and commentaries are kept. Walls and books are half covered by Thanka (scroll paintings). These paintings are the oldest and the most beautiful of all Kee's relic. In the central hall, there are 2 stucco idols, one of Yum-Chenmo (goddess Thara) and the other of Shyan rasgzeings (Avalokiteshvara). There are several other statues in the library opposite the temple.
The monasteries in Spiti represent three different sects of Lamaism. Kee belongs to the Go-Ing-Pa sect, the Kaza monastery to the Sa-Skya-Pa sect, while the Pin monastery belongs to the Dr-Ug-Pa sect. These monasteries are extensive buildings on high ground, away from the villages. In the centre are the public rooms, temples, refectories and store rooms. Around them are clustered the separate cells in which the monks live. In the store rooms are kept, besides public property, the dresses, weapons and masks, drums, cymbals, robes and hair dresses used by monks in religious plays, dances and other ceremonies.


Mount Kailash; Mansarovar Lake - one of the most popular Hindu pilgrimage site in Himalayan region dedicated to Lord Shiva where every devotee wants to go.
Location:
Western Region Of Tibet, Tibetan Himalayas
Duration:
30 Days
Highest Altitude:
6,675m
Best Time To Visit:
June To September
The Path To Nirvana .The majestic Himalayas figure prominently not only in the topography of India but in its history and mythology as well. The youngest mountain range in the world, and yet the mightiest, the Himalayas are many things to many people.
Mount Kailash, which is believed to have been formed 30 million years ago when Himalayas were in their early stage of formation, is one of the most revered places in the Himalayas. Spread out on the Tibetan plateau beside Mount Kailash is the giant lake of shifting colours - Lake Mansarovar. Brahma, the creator, had a mind (‘Man’) for the creation of a lake (‘Sarovar’), hence its name. A pilgrimage to Mount Kailash and a bath in the Mansarovar is believed to bring about salvation (Moksha).

About The Kailash Mansarovar Yatra
People have been visiting Kailash - Mansarovar for centuries. Almost all the major passes of Uttaranchal Himalayas lead to Kailash - Mansarovar. The important ones in the Kumaon region are Lipulekh, Lampiya Dhura, Nuwe Dhura, Lowe Dhura, Unta Dhura, Jayanti and Kungri Bingri. Since 1981, under the auspices of the Indian ministry of external affairs and with the cooperation of the Chinese government, Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam has been conducting trips to Kailash - Mansarovar through the Lipulekh pass. The number of people allowed visiting Kailash - Mansarovar is limited and it is hoped that in the near future, more Indian pilgrims will be allowed to visit Western Tibet, the region of sacred mountains and lakes.

Legends, Myths & Beliefs
It is because of Kailash - Mansarovar, which is 865-kms from Delhi, that Kumaon is sometimes called “Manaskhand”. Many myths are associated with this unusual mountain and lake. The Buddhists, the Jains and the Bonpas of Tibet too, all revere this spot with great fervor and devotion. Therefore, it is not surprising for a devotee to come across the worlds “Om Mani Padme Hum” (“Hail to the jewel (of Creation) in the Lotus) written on stones and taken from Buddhist scriptures. The Bonpas make an anti-clockwise pilgrimage around Mt. Kailash whereas the believers of the jain faith specially visit astpaad near the southern face of Kailash in the Kailash --Mansarovar region.

Mansarovar Lake
The circumference of Mansarovar is 88-km, its depth is 90m and total area is 320-sq-kms. The lake freezes in the winters and melts only in spring. It looks unbelievably fascinating on moonlit nights when an ethereal ambience pervades the atmosphere. The circumference of Rakshas Tal, also known as “Ravan Kund”, is 122-km. A 6-km long natural channel - “Gangachhu” - connects Manas with Rakshas Tal.
Naggar
Situated on the left bank of river Beat at an altitude of 1851m, above sea level Naggar - an ancient town commands an extensive views, especially of the north west of the valley. Naggar was the former capital of Kullu about 1460 years. It was founded by Raja Visudhpal and continued as the headquarters of the State until the capital was transferred to Sultanpur (Kullu) by Jagat Singh probably by 1460 A.D. today this ancient and beautiful place is a popular tourist spot in the Kullu valley, which has many legends and attractions.

Raison (13km) by the banks of the Beas = and on the Kullu - Manali highway - Himachal Tourism runs an adventure and camping site.

How to get There:

By road the distance from Kullu is 26 and Manali is 12 km. The airport is at Bhuntar (Kullu) 36 km.
Climate:
In winters heavy woollens are recommended and in summers the temperature is pleasant and cottons are suggested.

Places of Interest in And Around Naggar

Jagatipatt Temple:
In the upper courtyard of the castle there is a tiny templel -a small square structure which contains " Jagtipatt" a slab of stone measuring 5' x 8 x 6' which is said to have been brought from a place near Vashisht. This is also a place for meeting of local deities of Kullu.

Nicholas Roerioh Art Gallery:
Prof. Late Nicholas Roerich a reputed artist had chossenNaggar as his residence when he came to India in1929. the house has now been converted in an art gallery which houses many numbers of rare paintings of Roerich and other specimen of art. The gallery is open for visitors.

Gauri Shankar Temple:
At the foot of smalll bazar below the Castle is the Gauri Shankar temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is a charming example of architecture and carving of this particular period. This is now a protected monument.

Tripura Sundri Temples:
This pagoda shaped wooden temple is situated in the upper part of the village. This is also a rare example of architecture.
Naldehra 
Naldehra (2044m) is a heaven for tourists located at distance of 22 km away from Shimla. It boasts of the oldest 9-hole golf course in the country. The well groomed Golf Course is lovely verdant, perhaps one of the finest and most sporty in India Crowned with a springing turf the Golf Course here was suggested by Lord Curzon he was so enchanted by the place that he gave his daughter Alexandra Naldehra as her second name.

It is the venue of many competitions. It is a spot of great natural beauty. The Nag temple is also situated here and Naldehra means DERA of an 'abode of God Nal'.

How to Get There

The closest airport is at Jubbarhatti, 45 km away. The nearest narrow gauge railhead is at Shimla 23 km away. By road Chandigarh is 139 km, Manali is 282 km and Delhi is at a distance of 392 km.

Climate
In winter the temperature can drop to below freezing point when heavy woollens are required and in summers light woollens/ cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Naldehra

Mashobra (12km)
2148m Motorable on Shimla - Naldehra road, surrounded by thick forests and offers and offers ideal walks. Goddess Durga temple is worth seeing.

Tattapani (30km)
At 656m Famous for hot sulphur springs. The place also has religious importance. These natural sulphur springs are invigorations and have curative values. Himachal Tourism has a restaurant and a Tourist Bungalow at Tattapani.

 Narkanda
Situated at an altitude of 2708 meters on the Hindustan Tibet road (NH-22), Narkanda offers a spectacular view of snow ranges. This is an ideal retreat for the tourists who seek only seclusion in mountains. It commands an unique view of the eternal snow line, fields and apple orchards. Narkanda is famous for skiing & winter sports. During these days the slopes come alive with skiers. The skiing slopes at Narkanda was found in 1980 and since then HPTD is conducting skiing courses every year.

How to Get There

65 km from Shimla. It is connected by regular Bus/Taxi services. Nearest Railway Station (65km) And Airport (88 km) are at Shimla.

Climate

In winter the temperature can hover around freezing point when heavy woolens are required. During summer, the climate is pleasant and cottons/light woolens are suggested.

Places of Interest in and Around Narkanda

Hatu Peak (3300m) :
8 km from Narkanda, the Jeepable road is surrounded by cedar and spruce trees. On the top of the Hill ancient Hatu Mata Temple is located. The peak offers wide view of the entire Himalayan Range and in the depths are the dense forest, green fields and apple orchards.

Kacheri (1810m) :
This place is located half km from Oddi, and 7 km from Narkanda on NH-22 and famous for ancient Mahamaya Temple.

Kumarsain (1250m):
16 km on NH-22. One of the ancient Hill States in Shimla Hills. Raja's Palace still exists Kumarsain village. Ancient Koteshwar Mahadev Temple is worth seeing.

Kotgarh and Thanedar (1830m):
18 km link road bifurcates from Narkanda. Himachal's Horticultural heartland and famous for apple orchards. Stokes apple Farm is located here. Stores came to India on a trip and while on a summer visit to Shimla, fell in love with its environments, which included the charming hill folk and settled down in Kotgarh, and started the apple farm which soon gained popularity with its Red Delicious, Golden Delicious and Royal Delicious apples.
 
National Park
The State of Himachal Pradesh has declared two areas of very high ecological, geo-morphological and biodiversity significance as National Parks with the objective to accord its wildlife resources the highest legal protection status available to wildlife in the country. 
A National Park is an area established under section 35 (4) of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and no right is allowed within the National Park.  Once constituted, boundaries of the National Park can be altered only on a resolution of the State Legislature.  Grazing is prohibited in these areas and the general public is legally restrained from destroying, exploiting, or removing any wildlife from the National Park, or destroying or damaging the habitat of any wild animal, or depriving any wild animal of its habitat in the Park.   National Parks have a clearly defined core and buffer zones.  Whereas, the core zone is free from any local rights and acts as sanctum sanctorum to allow wildlife to enjoy protected natural habitat, the buffer zone absorbs most of the impact of human activities.  Process to settle rights in the two National Parks in the State is in progress.
The National Parks in the State beckon the visitors to enjoy the serene natural surroundings, experience the wilderness and understand the dire necessity of joining hands to conserve Nature in its pristine state.
    
Nurpur
66 Kms from Dharamsala and 26 Kms from Pathankot, originally known as Dhameri, Nurpur is famous for an old fort and a temple of Brijaj. Nurpur acquired it's name in1672. When Jahangir, the Mughal Emperor namedit after his wife Nurjahan.

Other Attractions

The temples of Jwalamukhi, Chamunda Devi and Brijeshwari Devi are other pilgrim centers close to Dharamsala. The fort of Kangra and Mangarh are other attractions.


Adventure Activities and Sports:
Between May and October, the Dhauladhar ranges offer an enormous variety of trekking and rock climbing. Himachal's Mountaineering Centre is at Dharamsala.

Fishing
The 20 km stretch of the river Beas between Nadaun and the Pong Dam offers ample opportunities in angling for Mahaseer.
Palampur
 The Kangra valley of which Palampur (1219m) is a major station, was the Trigarta of old. It was one of the leading hill states and was once a part of the Kingdom of Jalandhra. In local parlance, the word for lots of water is " Pulum".

This is what has given Palampur its name and it is water that has given the valley so much of its character. Countries stream and brooks criss-cross the landscape and to this place and in their intricate mesh, hold tea gardens and rice fields. The town came into being when the tea bush was introduces in the 19th century and Palampur became focus for the planters. Kangra tea, with its center at Palampur, has been unemotionally acclaimed since then.

The further bless the area with remarkable natural beauty, the Dhauladhar ranges rise dramatically from the earth, just beyond Palampur. The town itself has some interesting colonial architecture and the area around is richly garnished with historical temples and forts and scores of picturesque hamlets.

How to Get There

The airport Gaggal (Kangra) is 37 km from Palampur. The broadguage railway station isat Pathankot which is 115 km from Palampur and the narrow gauge railway comes right upto Maranda, 4 km from the town. Taxis and uses are available at both places. By road Palampur is 545 km from Delhi.

Climate

In winter the temperature can get quite low and heavy woolens are requied. It is warm in summer and cottons are recommended.

Andretta (13 km) :
This has been the home of Artists Norah Richards, Sobha Singh and B.C. Sanyal. In Sobha Singh''s home, now a gallery, several of his notable works are displayed. There is also a pottery and crafts center at Andretta.

Baijnath (15km)
At the jewel-like temple of Baijnath, lord Shiva is reserved as Vaidyaanath - the lord of Physicians. With a wealth of intricate carvings and greatful proportions, this temple is a big draw for pilgrims and visitors. It is said that here, King Ravana Supplicated lord Shiva for the boon of immortality.

Tashijong
(42 km) There is a Tibetan monastery here.

Sujanpur Tira
(42 km) Built in 1758, the fortress of Tira has the remnants of old halls. Places and temples. The town of Sujanpur below the fort, has several old temples of which the narbadeshwar and Murli Manohar are exemplary.

Shopping :
Kangra tea, local handicrafts, Tibetan carpets and pullovers.

Adventure :
Several trek routes lead out of Palampur, especially over the Dhauladhar mountains towards Chamba. Some important ones are over the Sanghar Pass to Bharmour via Holi and from baijnath over the Jalsu Pass to Bharmour.
 Paonta Sahib
 Surrounded by a sal forest and on the banks of river Yamuna, the historic town f Paonta Sahib (350m) was founded by the tenth sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh. When only 16 years old, the Guru left Anandpur Sahib and on the invitation of Raja Maidini Prakash of Sirmour, lived at this beautiful spot for over four years. The historic gurudwara commemorates his stay and interestingly the water of the Yamuna fall silent below this - which happened at the Guru's behest. The word 'Paonta' means 'Space for a foot hold'.

How to Get There

Paonta Sahib is connected by road. From Renukaji it is 81 km via Nahan and 60 km via Rajban. From Dehradun. It is 44 km. The closest raiheads are at Ambala and Dehradun. The nearest airports are at Chandigarh and Dehradun. Taxis/buses are available for Paonta Sahib at all places.

Climate

In winter, the temperature can hover around freezing point when heavy woolens are required. Summer temperature are high and cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Paonta Sahib

Gurudwara Paonta Sahib:
This site was Guru Gobind Singh's home for over four years and it was here that he wrote the Dasam Granth. Within its precincts are the Sri Tlab Asthan where he disbursed salaries and the Sri Dastar Asthan were he judged the turban - tying competitions. At the Kavi Darbar Asthan, poetic symposia were held. There is also a memorial to Kalpi Rishi and a museum that displays pens of the Guru and weapons of the time.

Yamuna Temple :
This ancient shrine is immediately below the gurudwara and is dedicated to the goddess Yamuna.

Gurudwara Tirgarh Sahib (22 km) :
This is built on the hillock from where Guru Gobind Singh shot arrows at the enemy.

Gurudwara Bhangani Sahib (23 km) :
This commemorates Guru Gobind Singh's first battle when he defeated Raja Fateh Sahib and his allies.

Shiva Temple Patlian (4.5km)
Surrounded by fields and sal trees, the linga in this temple is supposed to be steadily increasing in size.

Shrine of Baba Garib Nath (8 km) :
Located in a sal forest and with an excellent view of the area, the shrine is revered by childless women.

Ram Temple :
Within Paonta Sahib and also known as the 'Mandir Shri Dei Ji Sahiba, this is located near the Yamuna bridge. With exquisite marble work, this was built in 1889 in memory of Raja Partap Chand of Kangra by his wife who originally belonged to Sirmour. The Kirpal Dass Gurudwara is just past the temple.

Gurudwara Shergarh Sahib (12 km) :
At this spot Guru Gobind Singh beheaded a dangerous man-eating tiger with a single swipe of this sword.

Simbalwara Wildlife Sanctuary :
12 km off the main Paonta Sahib Nahan road, this is known for a variety of bird life.

Sirmour (16 km) :
Here are the remains of the old capital of the princely state of Sirmour. The town is said to have been destroyed by flood in the 11th century, when it was cursed by a dancing girl.

Nagnauna Temple (16 km) :
Built in a hollow near the village of Puruwallia, this temple is closely allied with the legend of Sirmour's erstwhile ruling house.

Katasan Devi Temple (30 km) :
Also known as Uttam Wala Bara Ban, this is on the Paonta Sahib - nahan road. The Shrine is revered by local people. At this spot, the forces of sirmour defeated the maruding armies of Ghulam Qadir Khan Rohiolla

Nahan (45km)
Built in a series f interlocking circles, this charming town was funded by Raja karan Prakash f Sirmour in 1621. it has numerous pleasing walks, several temples, a gurudwara and interesting.

Fossil Park, Saketi (60km)
This was the site of the largest fossil find in the Siwalik hills. The park has a museum and life - size models of the animals that once roamed these tracts.

Balasundari Temple, Trilokpur (63 km)
Legend has it that the Devi's pindi appeared in the bag of solt brought by a local trader. The temple built by Raja Deep Parkash of Sirmour in 1573. close by is a recently built Shiva temple.

Adventure and Fishing
The most popular trek in the area is to the 3.647m high Choordhar - which poetically translates as the "mountain of the silver bangle.".

Fishing is possible on the Giri and Yamuna rivers near Paonta Sahib.
Parwanoo 
 Along the National Highway 22, as you cross the state border from Haryana into Himachal, it is Parwanoo (470m) that welcomes you. A couple of decades ago, this was a sleepy little village and today, it is a pulsating industrial town. Fruit based products and plastics, Motor parts and watch components and a whole lot more roll out of Parwanoo's factories. For the tourist, Parwanoo is a convenient base station to see and visit a number of nearby areas.

How to Get There

The nearest broad guage railhead is at Kalka, only 15 km away. The closet airport is at Chandigarh, 32 km away (ISBT) 31. Taxis and buses are available at both places.

Climate

In winter, the temperature can get quite low when heavy woolens are required. It is pleasantly warm in summer and cottons are recommended.

Places of Interest in and Around Parwanoo

Pinjore (10km) :
Parwanoo is an excellent base to visit the
famous Mughal style gardens at Pinjore.

Dagshai (28km) :
A one time British cantonment this small town is surrounded by pine trees. It has an old Church.

Kasauli (37km) :
A charming hill station with lots of 'old world' charm.

Subathu (45 km) :
Still a cantonment, it also has the remains of a Gurkha fort.
 Parashar Lake 
 Location:
At an altitude of 2730 metres in district Mandi, 40 k.m. from Mandi town.
The deep blue water at this beautiful lake is held sacred to the sage Prashar. A three tiered Pagoda-like temple dedicated to the sage lies by the lake - 'rishi' Prashar is said to have meditated here.
Its remarkable setting is enhanced by a frame of snow draped peaks visible from the lake's edge, the water of the river Sutlej flows due south. The lakeside and the near by villages are sites of various festival held at different times of the year.
Rampur
Once the capital of the princely state of Bushehar, Rampur presently one of the biggest commercial town of Himachal Pradesh. Located on the left bank of river Sutlet, the town was once a major center on the old trade routes to Kinnaur, Tibet, Ladakh and China. Even today the tradition is as vibrant as ever. Famous International Lavi Fair is held in November and Fag Mela in March every year.

How to Get There

134km from Shimla on NH-22, Rampur is connected by regular Bus/Taxi services. The nearest Raihead (134km) & Air (157km) are at Shimla. Rampur can be approached from Rohru via Sungri (90km) and from Kulu via Jalori Pass (190km).

Climate

In the winter the temperature can drop below freezing point when heavy woollens are required. In summer the temperature is very pleasant.

Places of Interest in and Around Rampur

Rampur Town (924m) :
There are many places for sight-seeing. Its old Hindu and Buddhist shrines include the Ragunath Temple, the Ayodhya temple, the Narasingh Temple and Dumgir Budh Temple which has a large prayer wheel and holds important scriptures. In an interesting mix of colonial and traditional styles, the Padam Palace is one of Rampur's major attractions.

Dutt Nagar (970m) :
12 km. Ancient village on the left bank of Satluj which derived its name from the ancient temple of God Dattatraya.

Nirath (950m) :
18 km. Famous for ancient and unique "Sun Temple" of Nirath and also for Bhimakali Temple.

Nirmand (1219m) :
17km. from Rampur. It has famous holy shrines of Lord Parshu Ram, Ambika and other temples having fine woodcarvings. This is one of the biggest villages in H.P.

Religion in the Himalayas
The Himalaya, roof of the world, is a magic place where the magnificence of the world’s highest mountains is mirrored in the rugged beauty and unique culture of the people who live in their shadow.












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